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準備雅思 | IELTS雅思閱讀「段落標題」題型的技巧

準備雅思閱讀「段落標題」題型技巧

 


雅思閱讀好難,文章艱澀又長,實在是很難讀懂。
就算讀懂了,想在時間內作答,我也得花費九牛二虎之力!😣

 

相信很多正在準備雅思考試的考生都會有這樣的煩惱。

 

實在不是我方太弱小,而是敵人太強大!

雖然雅思閱讀確實是不容易,但是有努力準備在加上學習考試技巧之後,就會發現其實也沒有那麼困難。

 

真金不怕火煉!

要達到目標的治標方法就提升自己的實力,接下來就要來向大家分享如何準備雅思閱讀及分享「段落標題」題型的技巧。

 

準備雅思閱讀「段落標題」題型技巧

雅思考試中.至少會出現一篇「段落標題」的題型,通常是6~8題的題組,所以應該要好好把握住。

而在這一題型的題目中,有一些題型在考生只看第一遍時會無法找出答案,這裡建議可以做篇文的其他題目,等到更理解文意之後再回頭做剛剛跳過的題目。

 

特別要注意,段落標題的題型很常出現多個答案選項(4~5個),會干擾考生的視線,所以要特別去找出該段落中的 主旨  主體句 是什麼,減少被干擾選項誤導的機會。有時候選錯一個選項後,可是會導致後面一練錯的錯誤,所以要特別小心!

 

 

 

範例文章

準備雅思閱讀「段落標題」題型技巧
雅思閱讀「段落標題」題型範例文章《Stethoscope 聽診器》

 

Stethoscope

聽診器

 

A.
What if doctors still check patient’s heart sounds by putting their ears on patient’s chests? I bet it wouldn’t be comfortable for either doctors or patients. The stethoscope was invented by a French doctor, Rene Laennec in 1816 for exactly that reason. Laennec came up with the thought of stethoscope because he was uncomfortable placing his ear on women’s chest to hear heart sound. The device he created was similar to the common ear trumpet. It was made of a wooden tube and was monaural.

如果醫生需要將自己的耳朵放在患者的胸前才能檢查患者心臟的聲音會怎麼樣?我敢打賭,不論是醫生還是患者都會感到不舒服。聽診器是在1816年由一個法國醫生蕊內所發明,而發明的原因正是如此。拉埃內克有了聽診器的想法,正是因為他要把他的耳朵放在婦女的胸部以聽到心臟的聲音是非常痛苦的。他所創造的設備是類似於常見的助聽器,設計是利用一個木管的單聲道。

 

 

B.
It was not until 1840 that the stethoscope with a flexible tube was invented. Back then, the stethoscope still had only a single earpiece. In 1851, Arthur Leared, a physician from Ireland first came up with a binaural stethoscope.  A year later, George Camman improved the design of the instrument and it has become the standard ever since.

直到1840年才有軟管的單聲道聽診器。在1851年來自愛爾蘭的醫生亞瑟.李納德,第一次設計了一個雙耳聽診器。一年後,喬治.卡門改良了儀器的設計,讓它成為聽診器的標準。

 

 

C.
In the early 1960s, a Harvard Medical School professor, David Littmann, created a new lighter and improved acoustic. And almost 40 years later,  the first external noise reducing stethoscope was patented by Richard Deslauriers. The medical technology keeps improving. And it was just recently an open-source 3D printed stethoscope which was based on Littmann Cardiology 3 stethoscope was invented by Dr. Tarek Loubani.

在1960年初期,哈佛大學醫學院教授大衛.利特曼,創造了一個新的、更輕的聽筒,並改進了聲學。進而爾後40年,第一個外部噪聲降低聽診器的專利由查理.查斯羅里所申請。由於醫療技術不斷提高,就在最近利用利德曼心臟3聽診器的基礎所發明的3D列印聽診器也由塔里克.姆邦尼博士所發明。

 

 

D.
Rene Laennec was born on February 17th, 1781 at Quimper, France. He grew up living with his uncle Guillaime Laennec who worked at a faculty of medicine at the University of Nantes. Influenced by his uncle, Rene first started his study in medicine.

In 1799, he happened to have the privilege of studying under some of the famous surgeons and experts in cardiology. It was when he was 19 that he moved to Paris and studied dissection in Guillaume Duputren’s laboratory.

蕊內.拉埃內克生於1781年二月十七日的法國坎內珥。他與他在南科大學擔任教師的伯父古拉梅.拉埃內克一起生活。由於他伯父的影響,拉埃內克開始了他的醫學研究。

1799年,他在偶然的機會下與某些最有名的外科醫生與專家學習心臟病學研究。當他19歲時,他移居巴黎,並在季堯姆.都普特的實驗室研究解剖學。

 

 

E.
Graduating in medicine in 1804, Laennec become an associate at the Societe de IEcole de Medicine. He then found that tubercle lesions could be in all organs of the body and not just the lungs. In 1816, at the age of 35, he was offered the position of a physician at the Necker Hospital in Paris.

1804年於醫學院畢業之後,拉埃內克成為了Societe de IEcole de Medicine的一員。之後,他發現了結節性病變可能存在於身體的所有器官,而不僅僅只有肺部。到了1816年,在他35歲的時候,他得到了巴黎內克爾醫院醫生的職位。

 

 

F.
Laennec is considered to be one of the greatest doctors of all times. It was him that introduced auscultation. This method involves listening and identifying various sounds made by different body organs. Before the invention of this method, doctors needed to put their ears on patient’s chests to diagnose patient’s problems. He felt uncomfortable especially while he was diagnosing young women. This led to the innovation of a new device called the stethoscope which he initially termed as “chest examiner”. With stethoscopes, nowadays all doctors are able to study different sounds of heart and understand patient’s conditions in a much more precise way. Laennec’s works were way ahead of his times and had a great impact on medical science.

拉埃內克被認為是有史以來最偉大的醫生之一。他引進了聽診技術。這種方法涉及聽力,並確定由不同的身體器官製成各種聲音。這種方法發明之前,醫生需要把耳朵放在病人的胸前以診斷病人的問題。尤其當他診斷年輕女性時,這種方法令他不舒服到促使了一個新設備的發明。他最初將這個儀器命名為「胸部測試儀」。因為聽診器,現在所有的醫生都能夠學習心臟的不同聲音,並以一個更精準的方式了解患者的病情。拉埃內克的作品是超時代的發明,並且對醫療科學產生有深遠的影響。

 

 

時代國際IELTS雅思補習班

 

 

 問題 

 

Match the heading with the paragraph

  • the advancement of stethoscope in the 20th century
  • the early years of Rene Laennec
  • the motive behind the invention of the stethoscope
  • the ingenious method created by Rene Laennec that led to a new device
  • the improvement of the original stethoscope in the 19th century
  • the patient that made Rene Laennec famous
  • Rene Laennec’s professional development

 

    • Paragraph A
    • Paragraph B
    • Paragraph C
    • Paragraph D
    • Paragraph E
    • Paragraph F

 

 

時代國際IELTS雅思補習班

 

 

準備雅思閱讀「段落標題」題型技巧
準備雅思閱讀「段落標題」題型技巧

 

 解析 

 

 1  A段的第三句 …for exactly that reason 是線索詞,而第四句則詳細描述發明的動機。

 2  由文中的1840和1815可以得知B段在19世紀的時間點,而 improved the design of instrument 則是主要線索詞。

 3  由文中的1960s可以知道C段在20世紀的時間點,而 The medical technology keeps improving 是線索句。

 4  D段在描述蕊內.拉埃內克的出生地以及早期教育。

 5  E段描述蕊內.拉埃內克在醫療界的職位。

 6  F段第三句提及的method指的是第二句的auscultation(聽診法)。

 

 

時代國際IELTS雅思補習班

 

 

準備雅思閱讀「段落標題」題型技巧
準備雅思閱讀「段落標題」題型技巧

 

 答案 

 

(1) iii (2) v (3) i

(4) ii (5) vii (6) iv

  

 

時代國際IELTS雅思補習班

 

 

今天跟大家分享雅思閱讀段落標題題型該怎麼攻克的技巧「找出段落中的 主旨  主體句 」,希望大家都能夠從中學習,讓IELTS分數越來越高

 

 

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